Araucaria araucana

Monkey Puzzle Pine

A unique tree with a striking growth habit.

Features: Unusual shape and growth habit.
Applications: Feature tree in parks, gardens and streetscapes.
Description Native to south America, the Monkey Puzzle grows with distinctive whorled foliage and is a striking addition to any landscape. Though slow-growing and changing from being broadly conical in its youth to more a more vertical tree with an umbrella canopy, this tree rewards with its absolute uniqueness. The Monkey Puzzle can tolerate a variety of sites including maritime exposure, best in sites with good drainage and without excessive urban pollution.
Availability: Currently unavailable
Mature height: 30-40
Mature spread: 10-15
Canopy: Conical and open. Moderate shade.
Growth rate: Slow
Cautions: Dislikes heavy pollution. Avoid sites with poor drainage.
Tolerances: Maritime exposure
Sun demands: Needs full sun.
Soil demands: Most soils with good drainage.
Water demands: Moderate
WA Waterwise Visit Website
Native or Exotic: Exotic
Leaf habit: Evergreen
Family: Araucariaceae
Araucaria araucana image 1
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Additional references and recommended reading:

Boland, D. J. et al (2006) "Forest Trees of Australia" 5th Edition, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Gilman, Edward F. (1997) "Trees for Urban and Suburban Landscapes", Florida: Delmar Cengage Learning.

Lorenz von Ehren "Von Ehren Manual" 2nd Edition, Hamburg.

Rushforth, K. (2001) "Easy Tree Guide, Britain and Europe", London: Aurum Press.

Urban Forests Ecosystems Institute, "SelecTree - A Tree Selection Guide" retrieved from 2009.

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