Pinus pinea

Stone Pine, Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine

A stately, rugged pine with distinctively domed canopy.

Features: Distinctive umbrella shape and clear trunk. Deep roots and very hardy. Often suitable with co-plantings. Edible pine nuts.
Applications: Feature tree. Landscapes, avenues, streetscapes, parks and larger gardens. Good with various companion plantings. Turf has been grown successfully below.
Description A familiar site on the Mediterranean landscape, the Stone Pine matures into a delightful shape - a sturdy trunk of featured bark supporting an umbrella-shaped canopy of light green foliage. Because of this distinctive shape, some great useage of the tree has been seen in larger parks and avenues where it brings a stately dimension to the site. Its lack of lower branches and clear trunk mean the tree can also be used in streetscapes commensurate with the plant's demands. Stone Pines are well-suited to lower Australian climates with a wide tolerance of soils types, drought resistance and general hardiness. The tree has a subtle sweet aroma and is well-known for producing the best variety of edible pine nuts.
Availability: Torbay : 45L, 100L
Mature height: 10-20
Mature spread: 6-15
Canopy: Matures to distinctive dome or umbrella canopy. Provides dense but well delineated shade.
Growth rate: Moderate, slowing with age
Cautions: Like most pines, the tree drops acidic residue which retards germination of understorey, but examples exist of coexistence with healthy lawn where adequate light, regular maintainence of needle clearing and lime application occurs.
Tolerances: Widely tolerant of soil types, heat, mild cold, coastal and urban environments and exposed sites. Deep roots are widely tolerant and adaptable. Drought tolerant. Copes with most neighbour plantings if established.
Sun demands: Likes full sun
Soil demands: Most soil types from rocky shale to sand. - acid to alkaline. Tolerates occasional flooding but not boggy or poorly drained sites.
Water demands: Low when established
Native or Exotic: Exotic
Leaf habit: Evergreen
Family: Pinaceae
Pinus pinea image 1
Pinus pinea image 2
Pinus pinea image 3

Back to Search

Additional references and recommended reading:

Boland, D. J. et al (2006) "Forest Trees of Australia" 5th Edition, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Gilman, Edward F. (1997) "Trees for Urban and Suburban Landscapes", Florida: Delmar Cengage Learning.

Lorenz von Ehren "Von Ehren Manual" 2nd Edition, Hamburg.

Rushforth, K. (2001) "Easy Tree Guide, Britain and Europe", London: Aurum Press.

Urban Forests Ecosystems Institute, "SelecTree - A Tree Selection Guide" retrieved from 2009.

Torbay Treefarmers makes all information on this website available in good faith to customers, based on experience, general knowledge and research and in so doing, makes no guarantee in any way about the accuracy or usefulness of this information, nor is any warranty made or inferred by the supply of this information, nor can Torbay Treefarmers be held responsible or accountable for any loss, harm or damage that may arise from the use or availability of any information on this website.

Torbay Treefarmers © 2009 Terms of Trade - Privacy Policy Landscape Design