Araucaria heterophylla

Norfolk Island Pine

An iconic tree synonymous with coastal beachfronts around Australia.

Features: Iconic shape and erect, open growth habit.
Applications: Coastal esplanades, avenues, parks and streetscapes.
Description Suited to coastal conditions, tolerating salty ocean spray and maintaining a straight growth habit despite prevailing winds, the Norfolk Island Pine is an integral part of beachfront landscapes from Cottesloe to Fremantle and in Albany or Esperance. As well as esplanade plantings, these trees can be used in parks and streetscapes - they are often seen in WA used in roundabouts and larger traffic islands. The trees can be well-suited to lawned areas because they hold their needle-like foliage for lengthy periods and consistently shed negligably light amounts. The trees can grow to be very large and beyond 100 years of age so long-term consideration should be made for their growth habit. Conversely, younger trees can be grown for some years in large pots and are sometimes used as Christmas trees while their size allows.
Availability: Torbay, Champion Lakes : In production, 45L, 100L, 200L
Mature height: 20-60
Mature spread: 8-15
Canopy: Conical, open and symmetrical. Moderate shade.
Growth rate: Can grow quickly when conditions are ideal
Cautions: Prefers good drainage. Prefers open sun. Avoid root compaction. Larger trees can lift pavement. Older trees can be very large.
Tolerances: Sea spray. Prevailing winds. Sandy soils.
Sun demands: Full sun
Soil demands: Will tolerate various soils provided adequate drainage.
Water demands: Low to Moderate.
WA Waterwise Visit Website
Native or Exotic: Native
Leaf habit: Evergreen
Family: Araucariaceae
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Additional references and recommended reading:

Boland, D. J. et al (2006) "Forest Trees of Australia" 5th Edition, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Gilman, Edward F. (1997) "Trees for Urban and Suburban Landscapes", Florida: Delmar Cengage Learning.

Lorenz von Ehren "Von Ehren Manual" 2nd Edition, Hamburg.

Rushforth, K. (2001) "Easy Tree Guide, Britain and Europe", London: Aurum Press.

Urban Forests Ecosystems Institute, "SelecTree - A Tree Selection Guide" retrieved from 2009.

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